Francis Bacons entire works published in ВЈ1000 title
Sun Also Rises Essays (Examples) Cohn's growing obsession over Brett is his fault, not hers. No one can force a person to pick fights, to engage in clandestine meetings, and to play the fool. Cohn's foolishness is a direct consequence of his own lack of self-esteem and his decision to live as a literal outsider in Europe. Even Mike Campbell, who Brett pledged to love and marry, must take responsibility for his own pain. Knowing Brett's past and her attitude toward interpersonal relationships, Mike should not expect Brett to suddenly transform her personality and lifestyle for him and in many ways Mike, like Romero and Jake, accept Brett for who she is. Brett Ashley was, in her time, an extraordinary woman willing to break the mould and pave the way for women to become more independent in the future. Although never achieving true satisfaction or happiness for herself, Brett acts on her own convictions and…… [Read More] Lady Brett's life is ultimately empty and unfulfilling no matter how many men she finds herself with, but she "can't go anywhere alone" as Jake points out. Her lack of commitment to any one man can be seen as a representation of how the ar destroyed traditional ideas of love and romance. In the final lines of the novel, she muses on what a relationship between her and Jake could have been, but she is stopped by a policeman signaling the cab they are riding in to stop. This moment sums up the sad state that Hemingway found the world when Jake says, "Isn't it pretty to think so?" Robert Cohn can be seen as the old values in a new post-ar world. He is the only non-veteran among the characters presented in the book, and therefore he has retained his sense of dignity, romance, and morality. The problem is…… [Read More] Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. New York: Scribner, 1995. Jake Barnes is a tragic figure, one that is struggling to come to terms with himself and the society in which he lives. Jake is like the other characters in 'The Sun Also Rises' in that he is in a society that has changed and he is struggling to find his place in it. Like the other characters, he attempts to distract himself from his problems, by leading an outwardly fun lifestyle, fueled by alcohol. Unlike the other characters he has a sign of the changes that cannot be ignored. A war injury means that he cannot have sexual relations. While he loves Brett and she loves him, they are unable to stay together because of his inability and so he must watch her have affairs with his friends. The struggle of this adds to his problems, with his injury a constant reminder that his place as a man is…… [Read More] " That is Hold The Dark Review: Jeremy Saulniers Netflix Movie Hits You Hard hope for the future: to be able to make better sense of his suffering, and to manage to get what enjoyment he can from life. Jake's present philosophy, as these paragraphs imply, has to do with both "paying for everything" and "getting something in exchange," depending on what, how and why one pays. Jake's philosophy of "paying" and "being paid" is a sexual metaphor that works for others, but not for him. In terms of his relationship with Brett, Jake still "pays," as other men do, but can receive nothing, sexually, in return. Thus, Jake can neither "pay" nor "be paid" sexually, as other men (and women) can. Jake, however, still wants to learn "to live in" the world as he now finds it, including learning to live with his uncomfortable condition. Jake hopes that his own personal endurance and determination will help him "learn. what…… [Read More] Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. New York: Scribner's, 1926. Its readability does not overcome this article's scholarly flaws. Gay Wilentz. "(Re)eaching Hemingway: Anti-Semitism as a hematic Device in the Sun Also Rises." College English, Vol. 52, No. 2 (Feb., 1990), pp. 186-193. Wilentz admittedly and explicitly applies a quasi-feminist reading to the novel by examining religion -- specifically, Judaism as represented by the villainous Robert Cohn. his also ties in to how the novel was received in its era, according to Wilentz's argument. She asserts that Hemingway meant to indict the Jewish race through this character, and that it is impossible to come way from the novel disliking Cohn without being slightly anti-Semitic. Much of this wrok, especially the rationale for such a reading, seems unnecessarily paranoid and unwarranted, though the biographical details Wilentz provides about Hemingway do make such a reading more plausible. All in all, however, this source seems rather too far -- fetched. The feminist perspective Elliott applies to the novel examines the concept of masculinity in the novel, specifically as it pertains to the narrator Jake Barnes. Elliott opens with a general overview of Hemingway's treatment of gender and sexuality in his full body of works, specifically in the time period that the Sun Also Rises was created in. After this cursory examination regarding the interchangeability of gender apparent with many of Hemingway's characters, Elliott narrows his focus to Barnes and the affects his genital wound had on his gender and sexual identity. Almost everything becomes evidence for many different interpretations of Barnes' masculinity, and Elliott does not provide very compelling arguments for any specific interpretation. Though full of examples, this article lacks a specific focus. Thomas Strychacz. "Dramatizations of Manhood in Hemingway's in Our Time and the Sun Also Rises." American Literature, Vol. 61, No. 2 (May, 1989), pp. 245-260. Strychacz takes a markedly different view of gender in the novel, viewing much of Barnes' and other male characters' personas as representations of the over-macho male that Hemingway either idolized or parodied, depending on the reading. The frustration with this piece is that Strychacz refers to too many works in too many disparate ways to settle on one interpretation of Hemingway's treatment of the mach male. It is hard to tell even whether Strychacz is in the parody or idolize camp. The piece is exhaustively researched, with many interesting observations but no discernable conclusion. Sun Also Rises, by Ernest Hemingway. Specifically, it will offer a history of the critical reception of "The Sun Also Rises." This will show how the text was interpreted since the time of its publication, highlighting those critics who made a major contribution to new ways of interpreting it. Critics have looked at this book for decades, and many have come up with some interesting interpretations that challenge the reader to think more deeply about what they read. Ernest Hemingway's "The Sun Also Rises" is an enduring classic, which has raised numerous criticisms since its release in 1926. From the day it was released to present times, critics continue to read and review the book, and so, the book is continually being reevaluated, with new interpretations corresponding to changes in society and culture. One critic noted its immediate success and influence on the reading public. Berman, Ron. "Protestant, Catholic, Jew: The Sun Also Rises." The Hemingway Review 18.1 (1998): 33. Cowley, Malcolm. "A Portrait of Mister Papa 1949." Ernest Hemingway: The Man and His Work. Ed. McCaffery, John K.M. New York: World Publishing Co., 1950. 34-56. Farrell, James T. "The Sun Also Rises 1943." Ernest Hemingway: The Man and His Work. Ed. McCaffery, John K.M. New York: World Publishing Co., 1950. 221-225. Geismar, Maxwell. "Ernest Hemingway: You Could Always Come Back 1942." Ernest Hemingway: The Man and His Work. Ed. McCaffery, John K.M. New York: World Publishing Co., 1950. 143-189. Although he does not talk about himself in a direct manner, in describing others, Jake reveals much about his own feelings and thoughts while struggling with his love for Lady Brett Ashley, impotence and the moral aftermath of the war. Bill Gorton is an American war veteran and close friend of Jake. hey share a strong bond although they have different ways of coping with the cruelties of war which Bill deals with using humor. Jake's love interest, Lady Brett Ashley is a beautiful British socialite who takes refuge in alcohol. Despite being in love with Jake, she does not want to embark on a committed relationship with him. In fact, she does not commit to any of the men she becomes involved with although her independence does not bring her happiness either. In many ways her life, similarly to those of many other members of the Lost Generation, lacks…… [Read More] These characters live in a vacuum of values which does not allow them to experience personal fulfillment. Society as a whole has lost its innocence thus these characters become its best representatives. To a large extent, the Biblical quotation that the novel opens with, "One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh; but the earth abideth forever" (Ecclesiastes 1:4) best explains the connection between characters and title in the sense that it expresses the constant renewal of the search for meaning that occurs with each new generation. Hemingway, Ernest. Fiesta: The Sun Also Rises. Simon & Schuster Adult Publishing Group, 1995. Great Expectations" & "The Sun also ises," one may concur that both narrators are on opposites ends of the spectrum when comparing their reliability. In Great Expectations the main, character Pip is the narrator. Pip is considered a reliable source in the novel, on the other hand in " the Sun Also ises" the narrator Jake Barnes is not viewed as a reliable source, there are scenes in the reading where it appears that one is not given all necessary information, as if to put the narrator in a better light in the reading overall. One main difference in the story detail is in the form of speech. Another correlation between the two books is the dramatic depictions of scenes and emotions throughout the readings. The two novels compared here contrast in more ways then they compare. The setting of the book Great Expectations is in England during the mid-nineteenth…… [Read More] (2005, 2/1/05). Notes on Great expectations. Retrieved 09/15/05, from http://www.quicknotes.com. Dickens, C. (1965). Great Expectations. New York, NY: The Odyssey Press. Hemingway, E. (1926). The Sun Also Rises. New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons. Great Gatsby And Sun Also Rises. Both F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby and Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises depict the American psyche in the aftermath of the First World War. Although The Sun Also Rises is set in Europe, many of its main characters are American expatriates who seek fulfillment unsuccessfully through partying and sexual affairs. Similarly, the characters in The Great Gatsby seek stimulation through romantic relationships but also through the accumulation and display of great amounts of wealth. In both novels, the pursuit of pleasure is mitigated by a haunting emptiness. The marriages and romantic relationships in both The Great Gatsby and the Sun Also Rises fail to offer true intimacy, while infidelity underscores the illusions of love. Although most of the characters in these 20th century novels sincerely seek for wholeness and fulfillment through romance, excitement, or wealth, none emerges satisfied. Therefore, The Great Gatsby…… [Read More] Appoximately one in six students enolled in a college o univesity, o ove 3 million individuals, paticipated in one o moe online couse in 2004. This was despite the fact that a leveling off was expected. Anothe epot fo 2005 by Sloan showed that 850,000 moe students took distance couses in the fall this yea than 2004, an incease of nealy 40%. Once again the slowing o leveling did not come. Many seconday schools ae putting consideable esouces towad online leaning, in expectation that this appoach will be moe economical than taditional classes and also expanding thei each. In addition, a suvey by the consulting and eseach fim Eduventues found 50% of the consumes who planned to enoll in a highe education pogam stated they would instead like to take some of thei couses online. About 80% of online students ae undegaduates, but ae nomally olde and moe apt to…… [Read More] references when there is a contingency change. The relative response strength is changed by differential reinforcement of alternative courses of action. It is then that behaviors change. It is possible to conclude that adult students' observations about educational technology will change when the contingencies toward participation are strengthened. The clientele of higher education, its students, now enroll in college with expectations of learning about and to learn with technology (Green 1999). How students deal with change and their ability to accept it has much to do with their observed satisfaction of the course that implements the most up-to-date technologies. Merriam and Caffarella (1991) say that the more that is known about adult learners and the changes they go through and how these changes motivate and interact with learning, the better educators will be able to develop learning experiences that respond and stimulate development. This is an essential factor in adult learning and requires additional research regarding the implications for quality educational programs. This present research acknowledges the influence of the adult learners' attitudes and observations toward change. However, so that the emphasis remains on learning styles, no data Apples iPhone release strategy mimics movie industry to maximize sales, analyst says be collected to measure change in attitudes and perspectives. Tools for Measuring Distance Education Courses. It is essential that there is an evaluation of educational curricula to determine what is and is not efficient in relationship to learning style. Technological courses have altered the evaluation process due to the additional factors of equipment, cost and knowledge of using technology. It is critical to keep in mind, however, that educators control technology, since technology is only one of many different tools. Technology is easy to assess; one knows immediately if an software does not work. It is necessary for instructors to spend more time considering the educational experience that they want to create and what is not working properly in terms of education results. Are students interested and engaged? Are they communicating with one another? Do they find the information challenging and productive? Are they receiving enough feedback from the instructor? Ultimately, an effective evaluation tool will help the teacher recognize if the conditions for quality learning are present or need improving and that the instructors and students feel their use of technology was considerably helpful. Rise of the Planet of the Apes. The interaction of human beings and the natural world has always been one of conflict because of the inhumane way that people can behave. Animal have been used by human beings as pets, as entertainment, and in the course of scientific research. Fictional depictions of this interaction have reflected the nature of this relationship between man and animal. Some people value animal research as a means of curing human ailments and others decry it as animal cruelty. This is not a clear cut issue, but rather one of many different viewpoints. This document will show various attitudes toward these interactions; the positive aspects of animal testing, the negative attitudes towards testing, and finally how both these attitudes are fitted into the context of the film Rise of the Planet of the Apes, a film which shows exactly how society feels about this complicated…… [Read More] Cohn, M. (2010). Alternatives to animal testing gaining ground: researchers, regulators develop new systems for experiments. The Baltimore Sun. Hajar, R. (2011). Animal testing and medicine. Heart Views. (12:1). 42. Jeffries, DH (2011). Planet of the apes and the rise of the animal rights film. The Veganomaly. The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, Volume II (2012). Fullbooks.com. THE POWER OF NUMERS - AND OF ARMS. China, a Growing Threat in Southeast Asia? The appearance or reality of peace, stability and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region in the 1990s may be drawn from the popular compliance of the countries to the provisions of an agreement (Shuja 1999). This was the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, signed in 1968 and becoming effective in 1970, by the countries or States. Their number increased to 176. They agreed to give up the use of nuclear power for military purposes. Africa, Argentina, razil, Romania and Algeria were examples of such countries. ut this image of peace and unity in the region was shattered and vanished when India and Pakistan conducted nuclear tests in May 1998. India and Pakistan had a long-time feud and the tests sent the message to the rest in the region that the protagonists could be preparing…… [Read More] Bernier, J. And Gold, S (2003). China's Closing Window of Opportunity. 20 pages. Naval War College Review: U.S. Naval War College. Bremmer, I. (2005). The Dragon Awakens. 7 pages. The National Interest: The National Interest, Inc. Gearan, A (2006). China Asks for Calm Amid Signs It Is Cracking Down on North Korea. 2 pages. Deseret News (Salt Lake City): Deseret News Publishing Company. Kyodo News. (2005). Taiwan's Chen Presses for arms Purchase in National Day Speech. 2 pages. Asian Political News: Kyodo News International, Inc. Earth evolves Around the Sun. Is this idea/theory/episode/question an example of scientific activity? Why or why not? It's important to bear in mind that the philosophers of hundreds of years ago didn't always believe that the Earth revolved around the sun. Many of these thinkers believed that the sun revolved around the Earth and that the Earth was the center of the universe -- with the sun and all the stars and planets revolving around it. However, the complicated movement of the sun made this a very difficult theory to support. "The Sun, however, does not merely rise in the east and set in the west. You can see for yourself that the Sun only rises directly in the east on the equinoxes: at all other times of the year, it rises in the northeast (summer) or southeast (winter). Also, the Sun moves with respect to the stars: the Sun…… [Read More] Cain, F. (2010, March 30). Earth's Orbit Around The Sun. Retrieved from universetoday.com: http://www.universetoday.com/61202/earths-orbit-around-the-sun/ Cuk, M. (2002). Is there a proof that Earth moves? Retrieved from Cornell.edu: http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=190. Motz, L. (2003). The Unfolding Universe: A Stellar Journey. New York: Perseus Books. Tate, J. (2009, December 10). Stellar Parallax. Retrieved from Universetoday.com: http://www.universetoday.com/47182/stellar-parallax/ A slave was similar to a paid servant. The children of the poor people could be sold as slaves, but it was usually for a determined period of time. The slaves Call For Papers: Dept. of law, Kerala University the right to buy their freedom. War was a very important activity, because of their conquering ambition and also for religious reasons. Mexicas believed that the gods had sacrificed themselves for the people and their blood had given them life. They thought that the sun lived on blood from human hearts so the purpose of human blood was to feed the sun gods and ensure their continuity and the preserving of life. The sacrifice of animals and humans was part of Aztec religion. To warriors it was the maximum honor to be killed in battle or volunteer for a sacrifice. One main reason to make war on other tribes was to capture prisoners for sacrifice. 1-Carrasco, David. Daily life of the Aztecs: people of the sun and earth. Greenwood Publishing Group, Westport, 1998. 2-Coe, Michael Praise for the Gatekeepers, Koontz, Rex. Mexico: from Olmecs to Aztecs, Thames and Hudson, New York, 2002. 3-Hooker, Richard, World Civilizations. Civilizations in America, the Toltecs. 1996. dee/CIVAMRCA/TOLTECS.HTM (Accessed December 9, 2006) If he is taking his ease, give him no rest. If his forces are united, separate them. Attack him where he is unprepared, appear where you are not expected. These military devices, leading to victory, must not be divulged beforehand." (Tzu) But the true wisdom in this book is that it suggests constant preparation for all situations. "Now the general who wins a battle makes many calculations in his temple ere the battle is fought. The general who loses a battle makes but few calculations beforehand. Thus do many calculations lead to victory, and few calculations to defeat: how much more no calculation at all! It is by attention to this point that I can foresee who is likely to win or lose." (Tzu) There is a great deal known about Machiavelli and his famous work the Prince. The book was actually an attempt by Machiavelli to ingratiate…… [Read More] Machiavelli, Niccolo. (1984). The Prince. Bantam Books. Tzu, Sun. The Art of War. He cannot tell Angela the truth about Alice, or Alice the truth about Angela, so he is caught up in lies and deceit. He is not lonely anymore, and it seems like he will be a success at the plant, but his personal life is a mess, because he is so determined to get ahead that he cannot do the right thing. He tells Angela, "It's wonderful when you're here. I can hold you. I can, I can see you. I can hold you next to me. But what's it gonna be like next week? All summer long? I'll still be just as much in love with you. You'll be gone" (A Place in the Sun). All he can see is his own loneliness and lack of success. He is selfish and self-centered, and his obsession with success and the wealthy show his own lack of self-esteem and self-worth. George…… [Read More] Place in the Sun. Dir. George Stevens. Perf. Montgomery Clift, Elizabeth Taylor, Shelley Winters. Paramount Pictures, 1951. Anasazi civilization developed and prospered in the Four Corners region If McDonaldвЂ™s is serious about reducing its carbon footprint, it may need to rethink the hamburger 1 AD and 1300 AD and left precious traces of a swelling and prosperous civilization. Pottery, baskets, ornaments, tolls and especially architectural achievements (including "apartment-house style villages")- all were elements characterizing this civilization. Anasazi in Navajo means "the ancient ones" or "the ancient enemies" and the Anasazis were the ancestors of the modern Pueblo Indians that live nowadays in New Mexico and Arizona. The several centers of Anasazi civilization included Northern San Juan, Chaco, Kayenta, Virgin, and Rio Grande, directions in which the Anasazi population and civilization spread and created a local community. The archeological evidence discovered in the area proves that the Anasazi first moved into the area and into the southern Colorado Plateau some time at the beginning of the 1st millennium, that is, around 1 AD. The local population of the time became a…… [Read More] 1. Burley, Jon Bryan. Anasazi Site Planning: Historic Precedents, Modern Constructs, and Wake County Board of Education approves controversial school assignment plan Dynamics. 1995. On the Internet at http://www.ssc.msu.edu/ It was their right and duty as loyal followers, a way they could prove their faith and their commitment to God. This mindset is one reason the Muslims under Mohammed's leadership during his conquests were so successful, as described below. Mohammed and his followers defeated migrants and other raiding parties in part because they decided to attack and defend their holy place during the holy month of Ramadan, something that was unexpected. Among those the Muslims following Mohammed opposed included a group named the Quraysh. During the infamous battle at adr Walls, Mohammed said to his followers about to engage in battle, that "no man will be slain this day fighting against them with steadfast courage, advancing and not retreating, but God will cause him to enter Paradise." Many Muslims following the messenger Mohammed believed that God sent to them 3,000 angels the day of the conquest…… [Read More] Akbar, M.J. The Shade of Swords: Jihad and the Conflict between Islam and Christianity. London: Routledge, 2002. Ali, Ameer. The Spirit of Islam: A History of the Evolution and Ideals of Islam with a Life of the Prophet. London: Christophers. 1922. Bainbridge, William Sims and Stark, Rodney. "The Rise of a New World Religion." " In fact that showdown with labor "produced a cultural shift, a new sense of what can be appropriate in business management." The entire Reagan era, according to ill, a well-known conservative commentator - who wrote this piece Kendrick Lamar Shakes Up the Pulitzer Game: Lets Discuss the time of Reagan's passing - is remembered "more for the tax-cutting and deregulating that helped, with the information technologies, to shift the economy into a hitherto unknown overdrive." Another event that made Reagan a hero at a time when America needed heroes occurred in the spring of 1981, when Reagan was shot in an attempted assassination. The New York Times (Silk, 1981) reported that Reagan's "unruffled demeanor" immediately after being seriously wounded, along with his "jokes to his wife and the medics" all helped to "turn fear into rising respect for Mr. Reagan himself," journalist Leonard Silk reports. A "growing number of Americans decided that they had elected themselves a…… [Read More] Arnett, Robert. (2007). Eighties Noir: The Dissenting Voice in Reagan's America. Journal of Popular Film & Television, 34(3), 123-129. Brant, John. (1983). Duel in the Sun. Runner's World. Clines, Francis X. (1982). White House Winces at Economist's Words. The New York Times. Retrieved May 9, 2007, at http://query.nytimes.com.gst/fullpage.html. Karl von Clausewitz & Sun Tzu. Comparative Analysis of Karl von Clausewitz's theory and Sun Tzu's art of war. Civilization has evolved throughout history with numerous incidents of wars, conflicts, and destruction of territories and societies. The rise and fall of the Roman Empire was met with endless conflicts of warring tribes and cultures; war has become rampant through Annual prize distribution years that, in the 20th century alone, we bore witness to three major conflicts: the First and Second orld ars and the Cold ar. Destructive as wars may seem, Karl von Clausewitz and Sun Tzu considered the concept of war in a different perspective. here war is synonymous to destruction, pillage, and suffering, Clausewitz and Tzu regarded war as a phenomenon that should be given more analysis than criticism. In Clausewitz's "On ar" and Sun Tzu's "The Art of ar," both authors expound their view of the war. This paper…… [Read More] Tzu, S. E-text of "The Art of War." Available at: http://classics.mit.edu/Tzu/artwar.html. Global warming occurs due to the rise in temperature. The trapping of light and heat from the sun causes this rising of temperature. Nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, methane and water vapor are the green house gases, these gases trap the light and heat from the sun, and as a result, the temperature rises. This global warming hurts a large number of people, plants and animals living in the earth. There 6 months to send-off: How to emotionally prepare your child (and yourself) for college many reasons due to which global arming is increasing day by day. Human beings also cause global warming but many other things are also responsible for it (Maslin, 2006). The main activity that human beings perform due to which global warming occurs is to flaming the fossil fuels. Whiled riving a car, carbon dioxide is released in the atmosphere. This increases the greenhouse effect. In addition to this, jet fuel in the airplane also contributes in releasing the carbon…… [Read More] Archer, D. (2011). Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley. Karling, H.M. (2011). Global Climate Change. Huntington, NY: Nova Science Publ. Maslin, M. (2006). Global Warming: Causes, Effects, and the Future. Stillwater, MN: Voyageur Press. The development of the character of his sister is in direct defiance of his personality. It is interesting to note that it is the sister who wants to have the family return to their African roots and Walter who seems to want to join the white capitalist society. In the era that the play is set it was usually the men who wanted to hold fast to their heritage while the women were content to stay home, raise children clean house and have the men make the political and societal decisions for the family. The audience gets to know the character of mama through her discussions with her children and her daughter in law. Mama makes it clear that her deceased husband's wishes should be an important consideration in the decision about what to do with the money. The audience sees mama, initially as a weak woman who is going…… [Read More] Masaccio, Fra Angelico, and Filippino Lippi. The Renaissance was a dynamic time in which religion, artwork, and new styles, thoughts and concepts regarding perspective and expression intertwined and impacted one another. The effect was an explosion of new talent, new advancements in painting, and new horizons achieved. This paper will show how this was achieved by examining three works from three influential Renaissance painters -- Masaccio, Fra Angelico and Filippino Lippi. Masaccio's The Tribute Money (ca. 1420) is a perfect illustration of the complex formula of Renaissance religious symbolism and naturalistic beauty that characterized the works of art at this time. It tells the narrative story found in Matthew 17:24-27 in which Jesus and His disciples come to Capernaum and are told that they must pay the tribute. Jesus asks Simon Peter whether the children of the king or strangers pay the tribute. Peter answers that strangers pay it.…… [Read More] aestheticism movement found, in Oscar ilde, its most eloquent and staunch supporter; consequently, his only novel, the Picture of Dorian Gray, is a monument to the notion that art is the pure manifestation of beauty and reveals ilde's particular reverence for classical western society's artistic achievements. Oscar ilde fundamentally sought to dislodge art from morality within his novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, and in so doing, pay his respects to the beauty in Greek culture by viewing through this amoral lens. Its original publication in 1890 was met with severe criticism from many who perceived it to be utterly disgraceful and immoral; as a result, ilde attempted to answer his critics by revising the Picture of Dorian Gray and amending it with preface -- outlining his philosophical underpinnings -- in the following year. In short, ilde believed, "The sphere of art and the sphere of ethics are absolutely distinct…… [Read More] 1. Alder, Mortimer J. Six Great Ideas. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1981. 2. Aristotle. The Nichomachean Ethics. New York: Oxford, 1998. 3. Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness and The Secret Sharer. New York: Bantam Books, 1981. 4. Harmon, William and Hugh Holman. A Handbook to Literature: Ninth Edition. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall Publishing, 2003. apan finds itself at a critical point in its historical development. The world's third largest economy, it also has the world's second-highest debt burden in proportional terms and the current triple disaster is going to have dire consequences on the Teaching grammar does not improve childrens writing ability recovery from the current worldwide recession. Economic uncertainty, loss of faith in current political structures and leaders, loss of status in the world, betrayal by corporations that have also been a key stabilizing structure in the nation: This is a potent mixture for resistance against the state and its representatives. This resistance may be peaceful and democratic. Or it may be violent, arising from dark, dank pools of ultranationalism that may well be already feasting on the bodies of the uncollected dead. It is entirely possible that various ultranationalist right wing groups in apan may produce or support recruitment of terrorists in the coming months. There are currently hundreds…… [Read More] James Lewis. (1998). Japan's Waco: Aum Shinrikyo and the Eclipse of Freedom in the Land of the Rising Sun. Motohisa Yamakage. (2007). The Essence of Shinto, Japan's Spiritual Heart. Kodansha International: Tokyo. Fitzgerald and Hemingway. The writings of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway have quite a lot to do with one another. Besides the fact that both men were writing during the same historical period in time, both men were interested in some of the same themes and expressed their feelings through their writings. Two novels, F. Scott Fitzgerald's Tender is the Night and Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises, deal with American male protagonists who find themselves in foreign lands following the First orld ar. Each turns his back on his American nationality and becomes an expatriate, wallowing in the grandeur of foreign pleasures while at the same time serving no real function in the world outside of their indulgences. The men are part of what would come to be known as "The Lost Generation." This was a group of people who were so impacted by the blood, gore, and…… [Read More] Fitzgerald, F. Scott. Tender Is the Night. London, 1953. Print. Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. New York: Scribner, 1996. Print. Sun Also Rises" by Ernest Hemingway, and a passage in "A Perfect Day for Bananafish," by J.D. Salinger. IMITATE SHORT PASSAGES BY HEMINGWAY AND SALINGER. Hemingway's short, staccato style and "macho" man image has often been parodied, reviewed, and dissected. "The Sun Also Rises" has been called one of his best books. This passage parodies Hemingway's macho style, and outlook on women as the weaker sex. Paris again, and another broad in another taxi. How do I get myself into these things? Last thing I knew, I was in Pamplona, running with the big dogs. Now, I'm in a taxi with Brett, who's married to somebody else, and flirting with me. She's not half bad looking for a dame. Maybe I should just kiss her. Let her know I'm interested. What the hell. "Don't touch me, please don't touch me," she says to me, and I'm a pretty damned good…… [Read More] As a result of his impotence, Jake sees Lady Brett's sexuality as threatening, rather than an expression of a feminist sensibility. Brett's independence is shown as futile, a kind of a symptom of the 'world upside down' of gender relations created by the war, but the implication by Jake (and by Hemingway) is that her strength is not fulfilling for her as a woman, and she is really looking for a male to subdue her, such as the bullfighter Romero. Jake's cool and distanced character makes him a superior, if not a less disinterested narrator than Cohn. Cohn is emotional and romantic, and lashes out with his fists or tears. He lacks the ability to engage in cool, self-searching analysis to understand his own psyche or the psyche of others, although he has enjoyed some success as a writer. Because of the anti-Semitism he has experienced, like Jake he has…… [Read More] David Hume, in the fifth section of his work entitled, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, dismisses the concept that reasoning is the foundation upon which conclusions are necessarily drawn. As an empiricist, Hume believed that it was essential that individuals obtain knowledge based upon their own experience and observations. He classified knowledge Davidson students turn reading assignment into skin cancer protection initiative two types: the relations between ideas and matters of fact. In Hume's mind, mathematics is the classic example of a relations of ideas type knowledge. This is the only form of reasoning that has complete certainty. He considered such knowledge as being a priori while the other style of knowledge, matter of facts, was a posteriori. Relations of ideas are true by definition or logic while matters of fact must be learned and tested by one's senses. The essence of matter of fact knowledge is the process of observation and employing induction and probability. Acquiring this knowledge…… [Read More] Many of Hemingway's men turn to the drink. The men in "Out of Season" and "The Doctor and the Doctor's Wife" exhibit thinly-veiled aggression. Masculinity is an especially problematic subject for Hemingway. On the one hand, masculinity is a sign of health and success. Pedro Romero in the 15 Things The Experts Dont Tell You About Childbirth Also Rises would represent the healthy type of masculinity. Interestingly, however, Hemingway implies that women sap the natural and positive masculinity from men. Brett claims leaving Romero specifically so that she would not hinder his potency, which he should channel into his bullfighting. The idea that women sap the potency of men is common in of Hemingway's stories. For instance, Mr. Elliot built up his male potency through years of celibacy, only to lose his manliness to This is the cheapest way to have a funeral and the bottle. Marriage seems especially poisonous for male-female relationships largely because marriage enforces traditional gender roles that place the male in a…… [Read More] Unable to serve in the army, he too, like Jake is haunted by a feeling of vulnerability. His mother financially supports his career as a novelist, and he is highly dependant upon Frances, the woman with whom he is involved, even while he is lusting after Lady Brett. Likewise, Jake's feelings for Brett are characterized by male vulnerability: "I was thinking about Brett and my mind stopped jumping around and started to go in sort of smooth waves. Then all of a sudden I started to cry. Then after a while it was better and I lay in bed and listened to the heavy trams go by and way down the street, and then I went to sleep" (39). In love, Jake is frustrated. However, Jake is far from impotent in other manly pursuits. Especially when he is away from Paris, the city of romance and love, he finds a…… [Read More] Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. May 11, 2009. Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. New York: Scribner, 2006. Isolation is a central theme in 'The Sun Also Rises' and appears in two ways. The first is in the form of isolation from society and the second as isolation from each other. The war has changed society and the characters are struggling to find their place in the new society. We see the characters in the book with empty lives, desperately trying to fill it with activities like drinking. This comes across especially when we compare their outer lives to their inner thoughts. While their outer activities appear to be happy activities, we see that none of the characters are happy. Their actions can be seen as an attempt to distract them from the emptiness of their lives. One of the major things the war has changed is the idea of what it means to be male, this is another factor that has the characters searching. This idea comes…… [Read More] Definition of Modernism and Three Examples. Indeed, creating a true and solid definition of modernism is exceptionally difficult, and even most of the more scholarly critical accounts of the so-called modernist movement tend to divide the category into more or less two different movements, being what is known as "high modernism," which reflected the erudition and scholarly experimentalism of Eliot, Joyce, and Pound, and the so-called "low modernism" of later American practitioners, such as William Carlos Williams. Nonetheless, despite the problems of reification involved with such a task, I will attempt to invoke a definitions of at least some traits of modernism, as culled from the Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics: First, [in modernism] "realization" had to replace description, so that instead of copying the external world the work could render it in an image insisting on its own forms of reality. [and] Second, the poets develop…… [Read More] Preminger, Alex and Brogan T.V.F. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1993. Hume's Problem Of Induction. David Hume is known as one of the foremost skeptics and humanists of his time, who exalted in mankind's ability to transform the world through science. Somewhat ironically, then, one of his most far-reaching philosophical contributions was to phrase the problem of induction which today is often thought to deny scientific knowledge. Just a couple chapters of a single book, Hume posed a question which has yet to be satisfactorily answered, despite the great intervening time. In its most simple form, Hume's problem merely asked what evidence there was to support the instinctive understanding that the future would resemble the past, and then pointed out that since he could see no logical reason why this should be the case, then he could not with reasonably say that it must be so. And despite attempts to dismiss his challenge, it seems no one has yet come up…… [Read More] Anderson, James. "Secular Responses to the Problem of Induction." 2002. Hume, David. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Harvard Classics Online. http://www.bartleby.com/37/3/ Loops, S. "Problem of Induction." 2000. http://www.strange-loops.com/philinduction.html. Either way, what they shared is gone. The interesting thing about this story is the boyfriend's inability to see things from Jig's point-of-view. He does not have to deal with the emotional aspect of abortion, so he can say things like, "It's not really an operation at all" (Hills Like hite Elephants 1391). The nameless man is selfish and a liar because he tries to convince Jig "It's really not anything. It's just to let the air in" (1391) and "it's all perfectly natural" (1391). Hemingway purposefully leaves him nameless in an attempt to reveal how very little there is to his character. hat is worse, he probably is not concerned with what Jig is experiencing. He fails her and he fails to see her struggle, alienating her with just a few words. In addition, while he is alienating her, he is separating himself from her by demonstrating how selfish…… [Read More] Aldrige, John. "The Sun Also Rises: Sixty Years Later." Readings on Earnest Hemingway. San Diego: Greenhaven Press. 1997. Print. Hemingway, Ernest. "A Clean Well-Lighted Place." Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama X.J. Kennedy, ed. New York: Longman. 1998. Print. . "Hills Like White Elephants." The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Vol. II. aiting is a critical aspect in this story and there are several images that point to this notion. alls, doors and clocks are powerful images. Arthur aldhorn believes that the walls are significant symbols in "The Killers." They represent an "irresistible obstacle" (aldhorn Why College Athletes Go On To Lose which "adds to the total image of terror without becoming an effect for its own sake" (37). They are symbols of the prison in which Ole lives. He has no choice in this world and, as a Sean McVay: Rams to rest some starters in Week 17, nowhere to go. On the other hand, the door proves to be a symbol of hope and the future for Nick. Hal Blythe believes the doors are a "passages through what appear to be barriers" (Blythe). Blythe states that Hemingway "laced his narrative with the door motif to suggest that Nick is free to make choices" (Blythe). The images in this story are powerful because they seem to…… [Read More] Adams, Michael. "A Clean Well-Lighted Place." Masterplots II: Short Story Series, Revised. Blythe, Hal. Hemingway's The Killers. The Explicator. 2003. GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed March 22, 2009. Brooks, Van Wyck. Earnest Hemingway. Modern American Literature. Vol. II. Curley, Dorothy, at al, eds. New York: Frederick Unger Publishing Co. 1969. Formerly married to actresses Sharon Hugueny, Camilla Sparv, MacGraw and TV sports commentator Phyllis George, Evans has one son (by MacGraw), actor Josh Evans." Ali MacGraw, according to Evans, was driven way with his obsession with the Godfather which "ruined my whole life, personally" he said -- but ultimately, was all worth it in the end. For all of his faults and foibles, Evans says, he regrets nothing. Higgins, Bill. "An evening with Robert Evans." Variety. May 26, 2008. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.variety.com/vstory/VR1117986441.html?categoryid=38&cs=1. "Robert Evans." Fandango. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.fandango.com/robertevans/biographies/p89202. "Robert Evans." Hollywood.com. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.hollywood.com/celebrity/198019/Robert_Evans. Seal, Mark. "The Godfather ars." Vanity Fair. March 2009. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/2009/03/godfather200903?currentPage=1. "Trivia." The Sun Also Rises. Internet Movie Database. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.hollywood.com/celebrity/198019/Robert_Evans. Bill Higgins, "An evening with Robert Evans," Variety, May 26, 2008, http://www.variety.com/vstory/VR1117986441.html?categoryid=38&cs=1. "Robert Evans," Hollywood.com, http://www.hollywood.com/celebrity/198019/Robert_Evans…… [Read More] Higgins, Bill. "An evening with Robert Evans." Variety. May 26, 2008. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.variety.com/vstory/VR1117986441.html?categoryid=38&cs=1. "Robert Evans." Fandango. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.fandango.com/robertevans/biographies/p89202. "Robert Evans." Hollywood.com. Accessed October 24, 2009 at http://www.hollywood.com/celebrity/198019/Robert_Evans. Hemingway is classified as a modernist in fiction. Modernism rejected traditions that existed in the nineteenth century and sought to stretch the boundaries, striking out in new directions and with new techniques. More was demanded of the reader of literature or the viewer of art. Answers were not presented directly to issues raised, but instead the artist demanded the participation of the audience more directly in finding meaning and in seeing the relationship between technique and meaning. In literature, writers developed new structures as a way of casting a new light on such accepted elements as character, setting, and plot. Much of modernist fiction shows this increased demand on the reader. Ernest Hemingway gives the illusion of moving in the other direction by simplifying language to the point where it seems ascetic, but in truth his language is complex in its way, building meaning into every word and the placement…… [Read More] Aldridge, John W. "The Sun Also Rises? Sixty Years Later." The Sewanee Review XCIV (2)(Spring 1986), 337?45. Baker, Carlos. Ernest Hemingway: A Life Story. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1969. Baker, Carlos. Hemingway: The Writer as Artist. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1956. However saying that'd knows P. But doesn't believe it to be true under all conditions and in all time periods would be a more appropriate and rational way of putting it. We must mention here the principle of Induction which states that: "Unobserved cases and merely possible cases are likely to resemble observed cases" (Bonjour: 57). However when a person refuses to accept this, he is refuting inductive claims. For example, a person might say that all observed cases of grass indicate that it was green in color but there is a chance it might not be so in unobserved cases. Such a person knows something but chooses not to believe it. In such cases, the person would be separately a from B. i.e. cause from result. For example if every time a person touches a hot object, he would feel pain. This means that he knows that touching something…… [Read More] Bonjour, Lance. Epistemology: Classic Problems and Contemporary Responses. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2002. Hume, David. Enquiries concerning human understanding and concerning the principals of Former Panther Steve Smith Opens Up About Battle With Depression. 3rd ed. With text revised and notes by P.H. Nidditch. Clarendon Press. Oxford. Now that he is dying, Harry thinks that he has waited too long to write the things he really wants to write, and that he will never be able, now, to write all that he has left for a later time. As the article "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" (ikipedia, August 31, 2006) suggests "This loss of physical capability causes him to look inside himself - at his memories of the past years, and how little he has actually accomplished in his writing." He realizes that although he has seen and experienced many wonderful and astonishing things during his life, he had never made a record of the events; his status as a writer is contradicted by his reluctance to actually write. As the now pain-ridden and dying Harry thinks to himself bitterly, for example: So now it [his writing career] was all over. So now he would never have a…… [Read More] Evans, Oliver. "The Snows of Kilimanjaro: A Revaluation." PMLA. Vol. 76, No. 5 (Dec. 1961). 601-607. Excerpt from 'The Snows of Kilimanjaro'" [online text]. Powell's Books. 2006.